Payments for ecosystem services (pes) is an innovative approach to nature conservation payments for ecosystem services is the name given to a variety of arrangements through which the beneficiaries of environmental services, from watershed protection and forest conservation to carbon sequestration and landscape. Payments for ecosystem services (pes) occur when a beneficiary or user of an ecosystem service makes a direct or indirect payment to the provider of that service the idea is that whoever preserves or maintains an ecosystem service should be paid for doing so key words: pes payments for conservation water pes. What are they payments for ecosystem services (pes) is a term used to describe a range of schemes through which the beneficiaries, or users, of ecosystem services provide payment to the stewards, or providers of those services the beneficiaries may be individuals, communities, businesses or public bodies. Payments for ecosystem services: a best practice guide contents foreword by sir john lawton 6 acknowledgements 7 abbreviations 8 introduction 9 this guide 9 who is the guide for 9 part 1 – an introduction to pes 10 introduction 10 what are ecosystem services 10 market-based mechanisms for.
Introducing payments for ecosystem services (pes) 1 what constitutes pes 2 requirements for pes 2 financing for a pes scheme 3 consideration of the costs 4 transaction costs 5 payment mechanisms for pes schemes 5 scale of pes schemes 6 conclusion 6 practical steps to assess the feasibility of pes:. Payment for ecosystem services (pes) conservation poverty alleviation ecuador páramo sociopáramo a b s t r a c t pes programs have been touted as a means to achieve conservation goals while also alleviating poverty and promoting rural development however, the degree to which these goals are met depends. Abstract payments for ecosystem services (pes) policies compensate individuals or communities for undertaking actions that increase the provision of ecosystem services such as water purification, flood mitigation, or carbon sequestration pes schemes rely on incentives to induce behavioral change and.
Abstract payments for ecosystem services (pes) is a powerful economic tool that gives posi- tive conditional incentives for the provision of additional ecosystem services over the status quo, which has been used widely in terrestrial conservation interest in the concept of marine pes has recently emerged, but the fluid,. A range of mechanisms known broadly as 'payments for ecosystem services' ( pes) attempts to rectify this by providing a framework of incentives covering financing and paying for these services pes schemes generally involve a financing mechanism, a payment mechanism and an overarching. Payments for ecosystem services (pes), also known as payments for environmental services (or benefits), are incentives offered to farmers or landowners in exchange for managing their land to provide some sort of ecological service they have been defined as a transparent system for the additional provision of. One of the aims of the colupsia project is to explore options for establishing payments for ecosystem services (pes) within the two districts where the project is working: seram and kapuas hulu these guidelines were prepared to support the colupsia team in completing this assessment and have since been revised to.
Stewardship of natural resources, including the structuring of payment for ecosystem services (pes) schemes for the gef, the concept of pes includes a variety of arrangements through which the beneficiaries of ecosystem services compensate those providing the services this publication summarizes the investments of. Payment for ecosystem services (pes) are agreements whereby a user of an ecosystem service makes a payment to an individual or communities whose practices like land use or deforestation directly affects the use of that ecosystem services ecosystem beneficiaries include downstream hydroelectric.
These programmes, like many other government-financed pes programmes, also have an explicit additional purpose of rural development assessments have found that all ecosystem services increased from 2000 to 2010 (except for biodiversity habitat) with mostly positive socioeconomic. As far as conservation strategies go, payments for ecosystem services (pes) are based on a relatively simple concept — perhaps deceptively simple the idea behind pes is, essentially, to pay landowners to protect their land in the interest of ensuring the provision of some “service” rendered by nature.
The community pes project was piloted in two community forests the nkolenyeng community forest (1042 ha) and nomedjoh community forest ( 1730 ha) the primary goal of the project is to maintain and enhance existing forest cover and carbon stocks in each community and using the finance generated from the sale. This book highlights the gaps between the theory and the implementation of operational and sustainable ecosystem service incentive-based mechanisms on the ground it provides and reviews arguments as to why specific forms of payment for ecosystem services (pes) schemes (including pro-poor payments, rewards, and. Payments for ecosystem services from tropical forests michael richards and michael jenkins this paper summarises current potential and challenges facing the development of payments for ecosystem services (pes) as a means of promoting the sustainable management or conservation of tropical. 1 necessary conditions for ecosystem service payments sven wunder∗ what are we talking about a now widely accepted definition of payments for environmental services (pes) contains these elements (wunder 2007): • a voluntary transaction • a well-defined environmental service or a land use likely to secure its.
As mentioned above, the concept of pes is rooted in environmental economics and is based on the “beneficiary pays” principle: buyers in a pes scheme pay for the provision of the es that would otherwise not be provided by compensating the. Economic growth and wellbeing it commits the government to encouraging and facilitating greater use of payments for ecosystem services (pes) in the future, especially as part of a broader mix of policy instruments current fiscal and economic conditions create a further imperative for thinking imaginatively about delivering. In the past decade, payments for ecosystem service (pes) schemes have represented a growing trend in conservation policy, developing rapidly in both developed and developing countries around the world (wunder et al, 2008) there are different types of payments for environmental services schemes: (a) direct payment.